Obesity is a growing health concern in the United Kingdom, in particular among the female population. Surveys have shown that almost a third of women in the United Kingdom are obese, with a further twenty percent classed as overweight. The increasing number of adults with obesity has also seen rates levelling off and becoming more balanced.
One of the factors behind the levelling off of obesity is the fact that in developed countries like the United Kingdom, obesity has become something of an epidemic. As people living in developed countries can generally afford to eat more, they have been able to do so for several decades now. This has led to the situation whereby obese people have been able to get access to medical treatment at much better rates than those of their less obese counterparts. This is especially important in sub-saharan Africa, where most people live without any type of medical infrastructure or support services.
Sub-saharan African countries have traditionally had very high rates of adult obesity. However, the rate of overweight children has been on the decline since the mid-1990s. During this period, rates of childhood obesity were on the increase all over the world. Sub-Saharan Africa was one of the places where obesity levels were expected to start to increase, but this did not happen. There have been some encouraging signs in sub-saharan Africa regarding obesity prevention and treatment.
In some regions in sub-Saharan Africa, like the Kamba region of Southern Tanzania, rates of overweight and obese children have been slowly falling. These decreases are likely to be due to changes in eating habits and also the introduction of a new educational system that encourages family meals. Another area where there has been a recent trend for obesity is in Botswana, which has one of the highest adolescent obesity rates in the world. Some experts believe that changes in the availability of mobile phones and other technological advances have been responsible for these decreases.
The trends in obesity rates in Europe are also influenced by factors like differences in lifestyle and climates between different parts of Europe. For example, people in colder areas tend to be more obese than those living in warmer areas. Similarly, the severity of cold winters tends to increase the prevalence of overweight adults in many parts of the continent, while summertime brings on higher rates of being overweight in northern European countries such as Scandinavia.
One of the reasons for the obesity epidemic in America is the way Americans feed themselves. Americans are very obese and they consume large amounts of calories. Studies show that the average American eats about one and a half pounds of food and beverages every single day, making obesity one of the leading causes of weight gain throughout the developed world. However, obesity rates have been greatly reduced in the United States over the past few decades and this reduction has been mirrored internationally, particularly in Europe.